Evidence based programs

Substance Abuse Prevention


These EBPs target the prevention or reduction of substance abuse among youth or young adults.


Age Group: Elementary School

Description: AIR GBG is implemented in elementary classrooms, and, as a strategy rather than a curriculum, it is designed to be integrated into regular classroom instruction. During AIR GBG, students work individually or in groups on a task or activity in any content area. Students complete this work in teams, and teachers use positive reinforcement to monitor adherence to a set of clear behavioral expectations. Teachers use AIR GBG to help students develop skills including team work and self-regulation. Studies of AIR GBG have shown that game to be associated with positive short- and mid-term outcomes, including reductions in aggressive and disruptive behavior and use of school-based mental health services. Implementing AIR GBG is also linked to long-term outcomes, such as reductions in drug and alcohol abuse, incarceration rates, and suicide ideation and attempts. 

Program Length: AIR GBG is a strategy, not a curriculum. As such, teachers integrate AIR GBG into their reading, math, science, or other lessons throughout the school year. 

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s): Blueprints for Health Youth Development, NREPP

Program Cost: Classroom materials are $150/teacher

Training Cost: Varies based on number of participants

Purchase Program: See contact information below

Purchase Training: See contact information below

Contact for More Info: Megan Sambolt (202) 403-5223 msambolt@air.org

Website: http://goodbehaviorgame.air.org/

Registry Info: https://www.blueprintsprograms.org/programs/good-behavior-game/

Alcohol Literacy Challenge™

Age Group: 5th-6thGrade, 7th-8th Grade, 9th-12th Grade, College, Parents

Description: The Alcohol Literacy Challenge™ (ALC) is the first classroom based underage and binge drinking prevention program that challenges & changes alcohol expectancies – i.e. the beliefs a person holds about the effects of drinking. The ALC has been shown in 8 peer reviewed studies to reduce underage and binge drinking in a single session. (You can read these studies at this link: https://alcoholliteracychallenge.com/alc/curricula/329-the-alcohol-literacy-challenge-is-an-evidence-based-practice). The ALC is fun to teach and students love it! Not only is the ALC proven effective at reducing underage and binge drinking, after the initial one-time training, it costs less per student than any other classroom youth alcohol prevention program. And because the program needs only 1 or 2 class periods to reduce alcohol use, more schools welcome it.

Program Length: 50 to 90 minutes depending on grade level chosen

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s): NREPP 

Program Cost: $1.25 per student per year license fee ($450 minimum)

Training Cost: $6,000 plus travel expenses

Purchase Program: https://alcoholliteracychallenge.com/alc/purchasing

Purchase Training: https://alcoholliteracychallenge.com/alc/purchasing/415-interrested-in-using-alc

Contact for More Info: 

Tracy Juechter


(505) 690-3272

Website: https://alcoholliteracychallenge.com/

Registry Info: 2017 NREPP Re-review finding the ALC was effective for reducing alcohol use and disorders. https://alcoholliteracychallenge.com/images/pdf/ALC%20Program%20NREPP%20unpublished%20Re-Review%202017docx.pdf

InShape Prevention Plus Wellness

Age Group: Young adults

Description:   A brief intervention designed to reduce drug abuse and increase positive mental and physical health outcomes among college students ages 18-25. The intervention incorporates naturally motivating social images (image prototypes of a typical peer who engages in a specific health behavior) and future self-images (images of a possible future desired self) to help young adults think about and plan positive changes in their lives. InShape is based on the Behavior-Image Model, which asserts that positive social images and future self-images can be used to link multiple divergent health risk habits among adolescents and young adults and motivate them to effect change in multiple behaviors. Following self-regulation theory of health, this model supports the use of feedback on behaviors and self-images to facilitate goal setting for change across multiple health habits. 

Program Length: One session with options for follow-up lessons

EBP Registry Listing(s): NREPP, Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development, Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness, Washington State Institute for Public Policy, SAMHSA

Program Cost: $499 per implementer for program manual with digital downloads

Training Cost:$249 2-hour online training or $698 for combined training and program

Purchase Program:  https://preventionpluswellness.com/products/is-inshape-for-young-adults-program 

Purchase Training:  https://preventionpluswellness.com/collections/combined-ppw-program-training/products/combined-ppw-program-live-online-program-implementer-workshop 

Contact for More Info: Chudley Edward Werch, PhD, , (904) 472-5022


Website: http://preventionpluswellness.com

Registry Info:    https://www.blueprintsprograms.org/programs/inshape-prevention-plus-wellness/ 

Keepin’ it REAL (middle school)

Age Group: Adolescents 11-15

Description: Keepin’ it REAL (kiR) enhances social, psychological, and emotional competencies that serve to protect youth from substance use, provides visual behavioral models, and practice opportunities for the application of skills. Utilizing a “from kids…through kids…to kids” approach, all lessons, including role-play scenarios and decision-making applications, are based on real teens’ stories. An optional booster intervention includes four 40-minute lessons teaching youth to develop their own prevention media such as prevention videos. The topics of the lessons include: Options and Choices, Risks, Communication and Conflict, Refuse, Explain, Avoid, Leave, Norms, Dealing with Feelings, Support Networks. There are three versions of the program: multicultural, rural, and Spanish. The lessons are designed to promote interaction among the students as well as between the students and teachers, so that students are involved in their own learning.

Program Length: Ten 45-minute lessons including five videos. 

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s): 

NREPP: Included in both of NREPP’s editions

Child Trends: https://www.childtrends.org/programs/keepin-it-r-e-a-l 

PEW Results First Clearinghouse 

Crime Solutions.gov: https://www.crimesolutions.gov/ProgramDetails.aspx?ID=239

OASAS: https://www.oasas.ny.gov/prevention/evidence/EBPSList.cfm

Washington State Institute for Public Policy: https://www.wsipp.wa.gov/BenefitCost/Program/379

Surgeon General Report on Addictions: kiR is one of three recommended universal prevention programs in the United States. https://addiction.surgeongeneral.gov/sites/default/files/surgeon-generals-report.pdf

Clearinghouse for Military Families: https://www.continuum.militaryfamilies.psu.edu/program/fact_sheet_980

Promising Practices Network: http://www.promisingpractices.net/program.asp?programid=200

Program Cost: $300 (Bundle with printed teacher and student workbooks); $500 (Bundle with all digital files); Student workbooks $35 per 5-pack. Free shipping.

Training Cost: contact michelle@real-prevention.com

Purchase Program: https://real-prevention.com/product-category/middle-school-programs-for-purchase/

Purchase Training: contact michelle@real-prevention.com

Contact for More Info: michelle@real-prevention.com

Developer: Michael L Hecht, PhD and Michelle Miller-Day, PhD.

Website: https://real-prevention.com/

Say It Straight

Age Group: 2nd grade through College and adults

Description: Say It Straight™  (SIS) Experiential Communication-Behavior Learning is a research-based education and training program that results in empowering communication skills and behaviors, increased self-awareness, self-efficacy, personal and social responsibility, positive relationships and quality of life; and decreased alienation, risky or destructive behaviors, such as alcohol, tobacco and other drug abuse, eating disorders, bullying, violence, precocious sexual behavior and behaviors leading to HIV/AIDS. SIS is based in social learning and positive psychology, emphasizing values such as resiliency, courage, compassion, integrity and recognition of the strength within ourselves and in our roots. The change process begins with the recognition of one's own strength and wisdom that leads to the transformation of disempowering behaviors (people pleasing, placating; bullying, blaming; being two faced, passive-aggressive, vindictive; playing smart, being super-reasonable; being irrelevant, being disruptive, changing the subject) into empowering behaviors and awareness of one's own deepest wishes to honor ourselves, honor others and honor our issues.

Program Length: For Children and Adults the basic training is done in 7-10 50-minute sessions spread over two to three weeks. In alcohol/drug treatment and prisons it may be many sessions spread over 30 or more days.

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s): NREPP, The Athena Forum, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, US Department of Education Expert Panel on Safe, Disciplined and Drug-Free Schools, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Promising Practices Network, Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness, Orange County’s Healthier Together. 

Program Cost: Workbook/Journals for a group of 25 Early Elementary School Students, $168.75; for a group of 25 Elementary School Students, $218.75; for a group of 25 Middle School Students, $231.25; for a group of 25 High School Students, $287.50; for a group of 25 Adults, $256.25.

Training Cost: Training of SIS Trainers $850 per person. That includes a 140-page Trainer Manual, 

Sample Workbook/Journals for different age groups, a set of Black and White Posters, used in the training that can be colored and enlarged, Questionnaires for different age groups that can be printed and used to evaluate your training, and some poetry.

Purchase Program: http://www.sayitstraight.org/Order.pdf

Purchase Training: http://www.sayitstraight.org/Order.pdf

Contact for More Info: David Golden, 512-983-4459, davideg@sayitstraight.org

Website: www.sayitstraight.org

Registry Info:  


SPORT Prevention Plus Wellness

Age Group: Adolescents

Description: A motivational screening and brief intervention designed for use by all adolescents, integrates substance abuse prevention with health promotion to help adolescents minimize and avoid substance use while increasing physical activity and other health-enhancing habits, including eating well and getting adequate sleep. SPORT is based on the Behavior-Image Model, which asserts that social and self-images are key motivators for the development of healthy behavior. 

Program Length: One session with options for follow-up lessons

EBP Registry Listing(s): NREPP, Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development, Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness, Promising Practices Network, Child Trends, Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Prevention Matters, What Works for Health, SAMHSA

Program Cost: $499 per implementer for program manual with digital downloads

Training Cost:$249 2-hour online training or $698 for combined training and program.  TOT and youth training options available.

Purchase Program: https://preventionpluswellness.com/products/sport-prevention-plus-wellness 

Purchase Training:  https://preventionpluswellness.com/collections/combined-ppw-program-training/products/combined-ppw-program-live-online-program-implementer-workshop 

Contact for More Info: Chudley Edward Werch, PhD, , (904) 472-5022


Website: http://preventionpluswellness.com

Registry Info:   https://www.blueprintsprograms.org/programs/sport-prevention-plus-wellness/ 

Teen Intervene

Age Group: Adolescents

Description:  The third edition of Teen Intervene provides an easily administered, low-cost SBIRT program that helps teens self-identify a substance use disorder, provides a brief plan for intervention, and guides the referral to treatment. As a comprehensive, evidence-based program, Teen Intervene, can be administered in a variety of settings, making it an effective tool for school counselors and health professionals, social workers, psychologists, youth treatment service providers and juvenile justice professionals

Program Length: 3 one-hour sessions (2 with the adolescent, 1 with the parent/caregiver)

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s):  

NREPP: Included in both of NREPP’s editions

OASAS: https://www.oasas.ny.gov/prevention/evidence/EBPSList.cfm

NCJFCJ: http://www.ncjfcj.org/teen-intervene

Program Cost: $395

Training Cost: contact Hazelden Publishing at training@hazeldenbettyford.org 

Purchase Program: https://www.hazelden.org/store/item/429137

Purchase Training:  contact Hazelden Publishing at training@hazeldenbettyford.org 

Contact for More Info: 

Author: Ken C. Winters, winte001@umn.edu

Publisher: Hazelden Publishing, training@hazeldenbettyford.org, 1-800-328-9000

Website: https://www.hazeldenbettyford.org/addiction/intervention/teen-intervene

Registry Info: 

OASAS: https://www.oasas.ny.gov/prevention/evidence/EBPSList.cfm

NCJFCJ: http://www.ncjfcj.org/teen-intervene


Age Group: Adolescents 12-18

Description: Youth Message Development (YMD) is a 4-lesson, face-to-face delivered curriculum to prevent adolescent substance use among 12- to 18-year-olds by: increasing their knowledge of advertising techniques used to sell alcohol, tobacco, and other drug (ATOD) products; developing their counter-arguing and critical-thinking skills in response to ATOD messages; and helping them actively apply these skills and techniques to create youth-driven anti-ATOD messages.  The curriculum content is grounded in media literacy and social-cognitive theories and guided by experiential-learning principles. The activities are designed to be engaging and encourage collaborations and discussions among participants. The curriculum incorporates ads for generating discussion and analysis, activities to increase involvement, and small-group structure to facilitate learning from peers.  REAL media is the digital, online version of the evidence-based Youth Message Development program.

Program Length: Flexible Implementation! The four YMD lessons can be taught in one, 90-minute session; separated across four, 20- to-25-minute sessions; or two, 45-minute lessons to groups of up to 30 students. REAL media lessons are online (20-25 minutes each) and self-paced. 

Evidence Based Registry Listing(s): 

NREPP: Included in both of NREPP’s editions

Clearinghouse for Military Family Readiness: https://lion.militaryfamilies.psu.edu/programs/youth-message-development-ymd

Prevention Matters: https://www.rmff.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Evidence-Based-Program-Guide.pdf

Program Cost: $350 (2-year license) Downloadable digital files for printing.

Training Cost: contact michelle@real-prevention.com

Purchase Program: https://real-prevention.com/youth-message-development-program/

Purchase Training: contact michelle@real-prevention.com

Contact for More Info: michelle@real-prevention.com

Developer: Kathryn Greene, PhD and Smita Banerjee, PhD.

Website: https://real-prevention.com/